Thursday, 17 November 2011

QTP Basic Features

•    QTP was Launched in 2002 (Nov). By Mercury Interactive. Later taken over by HP, in 2007.

•    QTP is an Object Based Testing Tool.

(Object based means; QTP Follows Test Object Model for Performing Testing operations. Based on either Test Objects or Automation Objects or Utility Objects only, we can automate test operations)

(LoadRunner is a Protocol based Test Tool)
•    QTP is for Functional and Regression Testing.

(Basically QTP is a Functional and Regression Test tool but we can use it for little bit Compatibility Testing and Performance Testing)
•    It follows Keyword Driven Approach.

(Keyword Driven Approach means; Keywords, example: Commands, functions, methods, statements etc.. are used for creating Test scripts)
•    It supports Windows Operating Environment only.

(QTP basically depends on User Interface to automate test operations and  it is not depends on server side interactions, where as LoadRunner depends on server side Operations, so HP developed LoadRunner for Windows as well as UNIX versions)

•    It supports GUI based (Graphical user interface) and Web based ApplicationsAutomation, does not support CUI (Command user interface) Applications.

•    It has multilingual support. (It supports English, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, etc languages with respect to license.)

•    It has adapted Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting edition for programming andExcel like spread sheet for Data driven testing.

Tools support for QTP:
•    VB Script for Scripting (for implementing programming logic)

•    VB Script engine integrated in QTP, so apart from scripting features we can use File system, Excel, word, Adodb etc. Object models from QTP.

•    SQL (Structured query language)  engine integrated in QTP, so we can use SQLStatements in QTP to perform Database Operations

•    Excel like spread sheet integrated in QTP for performing Data driven Testing

•    We can install MS Script Debugger with QTP for Debugging Test scripts.

•    QTP uses XML format for Test results, Environment variables and for exporting object repositories.

•    QTP can be integrated with other Tools like WinRunner and Quality Center.

•    QTP can be used for user interface (UI) test case automation and some limited (Non UI) Test case automation like File system operations and Data base operations.

•    It was derived from Astra QuickTest (mother tool of QTP).

•    It supports IE (Internet Explorer) only for recording tests, for execution it supports other browsers like Mozilla and AOL, opera Etc apart from IE.

•    QTP is a Desktop Application (I-Tier/Stand alone).

•    QTP developed in .NET Technology.

•    Since it is Stand-alone Application, It doesn't have Database, It stores resources as files (Internal and External). We can't share qtp services from one machine to another, but we can share resources(Ex: Object Repository files, Function Libraries, Environment variable files, Recovery scenario files etc...)

QTP has two types of License; 

•    Seat or Node locked License, 

•    Concurrent or float license. 

•    We have to use Seat license from fixed system/machine and Concurrent License, we can use from any system but one user at a time. If we want multiple concurrent licenses that we can purchase.

•    QTP has UNI code support.

Version History of QuickTest Professional

• Astra QuickTest (Mother tool of QTP) 1.0 to 5.0

* QTP derived from Astra QuickTest and influenced by WinRunner.  

Quick Test Professional 

• 5.6 – Nov 2002

•    6.5 – 2003

• 8.0 – 2004

• 8.2, 8.3 –2005

• 9.0,9.1-2006

• 9.2- 2007 Mercury Interactive

• 9.5 –2008 H.P

• 10.00 –2009 January

• 11.00 –2010** (It is Latest Version)

QTP Guide


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